Tratamente pentru combaterea bolilor si daunatorilor din gradina

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Indiferent de marimea gradinii, daca  vrem sa gradinarim, este inevitabil folosirea diferitelor tratamente pentru a combate bolile si daunatorii. În urma schimbării climei, dispariția aproape completă a iernilor, a temperaturilor scăzute, oscilațiile bruște de temperaturi vara, combaterea bolilor și a dăunătorilor este mai mult decât necesară. Perioadele lungi, ploioase de primăvară și vară sunt ideale pentru dăunători. În aceste condiții răspândirea lor este foarte rapidă și fără tratament, letală pentru plante, iar noi ne uităm dezorientat „Ce se intamplă cu grădina mea?” .

Putem folosi tratamente chimice ( pesticide, insecticide și fungicide etc.) sau tratamente organice, ceaiuri si plămădii, care se folosesc  îndeosebi preventiv în întreținerea grădinii.

Oricare tip de tratare ați alege, trebuie să știți câteve reguli legate de stropirea corectă:

Reguli de folosire a pesticidelor ecologice la plante:

  1. Pesticidele ecologice se vor folosi îndeosebi preventiv la plante. Aceste substanțe se impart în categorii care fortifică, protejează, îndepărtează sau care omoară dăunătorii.
  2. Stropirile trebuie să înceapă înainte de apariția primelor semne de atac.
  3. Cea mai recomandată apă pentru preparate este apa de ploaie
  4. La precipitații în decurs de 6 ore după efectuarea tratamentului, stropitul se repetă
  5. Preparatele naturale nu se amestecă între ele!
  6.  Durata de păstrare a preparatelor naturale este mult mai scurtă, decât în cazul celor chimice. Ceaiurile si fierturile se pot păstra câteva zile. Preparatele lichide care au inghețat, se aruncă.

Bogar

Tratamentele ecologice sunt foarte variate, trebuie să experimentați, să le încercați, să vă dați seama care este cea mai bună soluție pentru grădina Dumneavoastră.

Reguli obligatorii la aplicarea de tratamente chimice la plante

1.Folosiți aparate de stropit  care asigură o dispersie cât mai fină și uniformă a soluției.

2. Aveți grijă ca soluția să acopere planta pe toată suprafața, inclusiv pe dosul frunzelor.

3. Tratamentele se vor efectua doar în zile uscate după ce se ridică roua și înainte ca temperatura să depășească 25 de grade Celsius.

4. Respectați dozele recomandate de pe ambalaj.

5. Nu se aplica tratamente fitosanitare in zilele vânturoase.

6. Este indicat să aveti haine speciale pentru stropire, ochelari de protecție și o mască pentru filtrarea aerului respirat. Aceste haine se vor depozita separat de cele uzate zilnic.

7. Respectați termenele de așteptare recomandate de producătorii substanțelor fitosanitare, înainte de a consuma fructele și legumele stropite.

8. Manipulați pesticidele cu toată atenția si responsabilitatea!

9. ATENȚIE MAXIMĂ LA COPII!!!

10. În timpul tratamentelor cu insecticide de la culturi vizitate de albine, trebuie anuntați apicultorii din zonă. Căutați și folosiți insecticide care nu dăunează albinelor!!! Insecticidele pe bază de neonicotinoizi se numără printre cele mai periculaose pentru viața albinelor.

mehecske

Pesticidele trebuie să fie, întotdeauna ultima opțiune!

 

Substanțe pentru tratamentele chimice le gasiți la fitofarmacii.

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